(Elat, Elath)
   Israel's southernmost city, with a population of 47,000. It is a deepwater port on the Gulf of Aqaba, connecting Israel with the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is named for the ancient city of Eilat, which is mentioned in the Bible as a city through which the Israelites passed during their desert wanderings. It later served as a port city for numerous empires and conquerors of the area. Prior to the opening of the Suez Canal to Israeli shipping, Eilat was Israel's major gateway for goods from the Far East, the Indian Ocean, Asia, and East Africa. Eilat also serves as an important center for oil distribution; a pipeline carries oil from the city to Israel's Mediterranean coast, and from there, it is either exported or sent to a refinery in Haifa. Eilat's natural beauty and seaside location make it a year-round resort and a tourist mecca. Modern Eilat was founded in 1948.
   Eilat's importance increased after 1950, when Egypt banned Israeli ships from the Suez Canal. Without the canal, the Gulf of Aqaba became Israel's only outlet to the Red Sea, but Egypt also blocked the entrance to the Gulf at the Strait of Tiran. The gulf was opened as a result of the Sinai War (1956), and Eilat then grew rapidly in both size and importance. Egypt's blockade of the gulf in 1967 was a major cause of the Six-Day War.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eilat — (he) אילת (ar) إيلات …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eilat — Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eilat — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eilat Playa Norte de la ciudad Hebreo אילת Árabe إيلات Fundada en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eilat — Эйлат Eilat INS Eilat и INS Lahav …   Википедия

  • EILAT — EILAT, port and resort town at the southern extremity of Israel on the Red Sea coast. Eilat is the modern spelling for the biblical elath , under which heading the town and its history are described …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eilat — (también denominada Elat o Ellat, en hebreo אילת), ciudad de Asia occidental, situada en el Próximo Oriente y perteneciente a Israel. Es la ciudad más meridional del país, en el distrito Meridional, situada en la exigua costa que Israel tiene… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eilat — [ā lät′] seaport in S Israel, at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba: pop. 39,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Eilat — This article is about the city. For the ships, see INS Eilat (disambiguation). Elat redirects here. For the Canaanite goddess, see Asherah. Eilat Hebrew transcription(s)  – Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Eilat — Original name in latin Eilat Name in other language ETH, Ehjlat, Eilat, Ejlat, Ejlato, Elat, Elata, Elatas, Elath, Etzion Geber, Gorad Ehjlat, Lungsod ng Elat, Umm Rashrash, Umm Rashrsh, Umrashash, ai la te, am alrshrash, aylat, eilati, eillateu …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Eilat — geographical name see Elat …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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